APACHE_配置文件中文版

 # 

# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. It contains the 
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions. 
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/> for detailed information. 
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html> 
# for a discussion of each configuration directive. 
# 这是Apache server的主配置文件. 它包含配置指令,来指示服务器。 
# 参考 http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html 了解关于指令的详细信息。 
# 另外,参看 http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html 获取每个配置指令的讨论。 
 
 
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding 
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure 
# consult the online docs. You have been warned. 
# 不要仅仅是阅读本指令,而应该理解指令做了什么。在这里仅起提示的作用。 
# 如果你不清楚请参阅在线文档。特别提示。 
 
 
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections: 
# 配置文件批令分为三个基本组: 
# 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a 
# whole (the 'global environment'). 
# 1.控制Apache server的全局操作的指令(全局环境变量)。 
# 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server, 
# which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host. 
# These directives also provide default values for the settings 
# of all virtual hosts. 
# 2. 配置主服务或者默认服务的指令,它针对那些被虚拟主机以外的请求作出响应。 
# 它也包含虚拟主机的一些默认参数。 
# 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to 
# different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the 
# same Apache server process. 
# 3. 虚拟主机设置,这使得发往不同的ip或者主机名的请求可以被子同一个Apache服务器处理。 
 
 
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many 
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the 
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin 
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log" 
# with ServerRoot set to "E:/usr/Apache2.2" will be interpreted by the 
# server as "E:/usr/Apache2.2/logs/foo.log". 
# 配置和日志文件名:如果你所指定的文件名以“/”(在Win32中以“盘符:/”)开头, 
# 服务器将以绝对路径来处理。如果文件名不以“/”开头,则以相对路径处理, 
# 相对于服务器根(Serverroot)。因此“logs/foo.log”,如果服务器根目录 
# 为“E:/usr/Apache2.2”,则服务器解释为“E:/usr/Apache2.2/logs/foo.log”。 
 
 
# NOTE: Where filenames are specified, you must use forward slashes 
# instead of backslashes (e.g., "c:/apache" instead of "c:\apache"). 
# 注意:在文件名的定义中,必须用正斜杠,而不是反斜杠。(比如,“c:/apache”,而不是“c:\apache”) 
# If a drive letter is omitted, the drive on which Apache.exe is located 
# will be used by default. It is recommended that you always supply 
# an explicit drive letter in absolute paths, however, to avoid 
# confusion. 
# 如果省略了盘符,则以Apache.exe所在的盘符为默认值。建议在绝对路径中明确 
# 指定盘符,以避免混乱。 
 
 
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in the server process 
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves 
# ThreadsPerChild:每个服务进程中的工作线程常数 
# MaxRequestsPerChild:服务进程中允许的最大请求数目 
ThreadsPerChild 250 
MaxRequestsPerChild 0 
 
 
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's 
# configuration, error, and log files are kept. 
# 指出服务器保存其配置、出错和日志文件等的根目录 
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If you point 
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive 
# at a local disk. If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple 
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile. 
# 不要在目录的末尾加上斜杠。如果你想将ServerRoot指向非本地硬盘上,请添加卷到本地硬盘上。 
# 如果你想共享 ServerRoot 给多个HTTPD镜像服务,你必须改变LockFile和PidFile。 
ServerRoot "E:/usr/Apache2.2" 
 
 
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or 
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost> 
# directive. 
# Listen:允许你绑定Apache服务到指定的IP地址和端口上,以取代默认值。请同时参考<VirtualHost> 
# 指令。 
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses (0.0.0.0) 
# 像下面那样使Apache只在指定的IP地址上监听,以防止它在IP地址0.0.0.0上监听。 
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80 
Listen 8080 
 
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support 
# 动态共享对象(DSO)支持 
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you 
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the 
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used. 
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need 
# to be loaded here. 
# 为了能够使用那些以DSO模式编译的模块中的函数,你必须放置相应的“LoadModule”行在这里,以便 
# 包含在其后的指令在使用之前激活。 
# 那些静态编译的模块(即以“httpd -l”列出的模块)则不需要在这里加载。 
# Example: 
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so 
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so 
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so 
LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so 
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so 
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so 
#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so 
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so 
LoadModule authn_default_module modules/mod_authn_default.so 
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so 
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so 
LoadModule authz_default_module modules/mod_authz_default.so 
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so 
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so 
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so 
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so 
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so 
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so 
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so 
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so 
#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so 
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so 
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so 
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so 
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so 
#LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so 
LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so 
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so 
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so 
LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so 
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so 
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so 
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so 
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so 
#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so 
#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so 
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so 
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so 
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so 
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so 
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so 
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so 
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so 
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so 
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so 
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so 
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so 
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so 
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so 
LoadModule php5_module "E:/usr/php/php5apache2_2.dll" 
 
# 配置 php.ini 的路径 
PHPIniDir "E:/usr/php" 
 
# 'Main' server configuration 
# 主服务配置 
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main' 
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a 
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also provide defaults for 
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file. 
# 本节中指令的设置值,将被主服务所使用,主服务响应那些没有被<VirtualHost>所处理的请求, 
# 这些值也为<VirtualHost>容器提供了默认值,你可以在后面的文件中定义 
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers, 
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the 
# virtual host being defined. 
# 所有这些指令将出现在<VirtualHost>容器中,这些设定值将在定义virtual host时被覆写。 
 
 
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be 
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such 
# as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com 
# ServerAdmin: 你的地址,当系统故障时,可以给你发email。 
# 此地址出现在那些由服务器生成的页面上,如出错文档。例如:admin@your-domain.com 
ServerAdmin indian@163.com 
 
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself. 
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify 
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup. 
# ServerNaem 定义了server名称和端口号,用以标明自己的身份。 
# 通常可以自动定义,建议明确地指定它,避免起动时出错 
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here. 
# 如果你没有注册DNS名字,请在这里输入IP地址。 
ServerName www.kysf.net:8080 
 
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your 
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but 
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations. 
# DocumentRoot: 你的文档的根目录。默认情况下,所有的请求都从这里开始, 
# 但是可以使用符号链接和别名来指向到其他的位置。 
DocumentRoot "E:/usr/Apache2.2/htdocs" 
 
 
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect 
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that 
# directory (and its subdirectories). 
# 每个可供Apache访问的目录,可以配置成允许和(或)禁止哪些服务和特性(包括其子目录) 
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of 
# features. 
# 首先,我们定义一个默认的非常严格的配置 
<Directory /> 
Options FollowSymLinks 
AllowOverride None 
Order deny,allow 
Deny from all 
Satisfy all 
</Directory> 
 
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow 
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as 
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it 
# below. 
# 注意从这里开始你一定要明确地允许哪些特别的特性能够被使用。 
# 所以,如果Apache没有象你所期待的那样工作的话, 请检查你是否在下面明确的指定它可用。 
 
 
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to. 
# 这将改变你对DocumentRoot的设置 
<Directory "E:/usr/Apache2.2/htdocs"> 
 
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All", 
# or any combination of: 
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews 
#Options:这个指令的值可以是“None”,“All”,或者下列选项的任意组合: 
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews 
 
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All" 
# doesn't give it to you. 
# 注意,“MultiViews”必须被显式的指定,“Options All”不能为你提供这个特性。 
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see 
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options 
# for more information. 
# options 指令既复杂又重要,请参见 http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options 
# 获取更多信息。 
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks 
 
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files. 
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords: 
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit 
# AllowOverride 控制那些被放置在.htaccess文件中的指令。 
# 它可以是“All”,“None”,或者下列指令的组合: 
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit 
AllowOverride None 
 
# Controls who can get stuff from this server. 
# 控制哪些模块可以获得服务。 
Order allow,deny 
Allow from all 
 
</Directory> 
 
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory 
# is requested. 
# DirectoryIndex: 当请求是一个目录时,Apache向用户提供服务的文件名。(即默认文档名。-译者注。) 
<IfModule dir_module> 
DirectoryIndex index.html 
</IfModule> 
 
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
# #下面的设置是防止.htaccess和.htpasswd(访问设定和密码)文件被Web客户查看。 
<FilesMatch "^\.ht"> 
Order allow,deny 
Deny from all 
</FilesMatch> 
 
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file. 
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost> 
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be 
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost> 
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here. 
# ErrorLog: 错误日志文件位置。 
# 如果你没有在<VirtualHost>内定义ErrorLog指令,这个虚拟主机的错误信息 
# 将记录在这里。如果你在<VirtualHost>定义了ErrorLog,这些错误信息将记录在你所 
# 定义的文件里,而不是这里定义的文件。 
ErrorLog logs/error.log 
 
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log. 
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit, 
# alert, emerg. 
# LogLevel: 控制记录在错误日志文件中的日志信息数量。 
# 可能的值包括: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit, alert, emerg. 
LogLevel warn 
 
<IfModule log_config_module> 
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with 
# a CustomLog directive (see below). 
# 下面的参数设置是为CustomLog指令定义格式别名(看下面)。 
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined 
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common 
 
<IfModule logio_module> 
# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O 
# 你需要安装了mod_logio.c模块才能使用%I和%O 
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio 
</IfModule> 
 
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format). 
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost> 
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do* 
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be 
# logged therein and *not* in this file. 
# 指定访问日志文件的位置和格式(一般日志格式)。 
# 如果你没有在<VirtualHost>内定义这个指令,处理信息将记录在这里, 
# 如果你定义了这个指令,则处理信息记录在你指定的位置,而不是这儿定义的位置。 
CustomLog logs/access.log common 
 
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information 
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive. 
# 如果你想要使用一个文件记录access,agent和referer信息(组合日志格式), 
# 你可以如下定义这个指令: 
#CustomLog logs/access.log combined 
</IfModule> 
 
<IfModule alias_module> 
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
# will make a new request for the document at its new location. 
# Redirect:允许你用一个已存在的域名描述文档,但不能用所有的域名(描述)。 
# 客户端将用这个新名称发出一个新的请求。 
# Example: 
# Redirect permanent /foo http://www.kysf.net/bar 
 
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to 
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot. 
#Alias: 映射web路径到文件系统路径,通常用于访问不在DocumentRoot里面的内容 
# Example: 
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path 
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will 
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely 
# need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to 
# the filesystem path. 
# 如果web路径中有后缀“/”,则服务器要求有后缀“/”来描述URL。你也可以用 <Directory> 片段 
# 允许访问文件系统路径。 
 
 
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that 
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and 
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the 
# client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias 
# directives as to Alias. 
# ScriptAlias: 指定包含服务脚本的目录。 
# ScriptAliases本质上与Aliases一样,除了这里的文档在请求时做为程序处理和运行, 
# 而不是作为文档发送到客户端。尾部的“/”规则与Alias一样。 
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin/" 
 
</IfModule> 
 
# "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased 
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured. 
# 更改 "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin" 为你的 ScriptAlias(脚本别名)。 
<Directory "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin"> 
AllowOverride None 
Options None 
Order allow,deny 
Allow from all 
</Directory> 
 
# Apache parses all CGI scripts for the shebang line by default. 
# This comment line, the first line of the script, consists of the symbols 
# pound (#) and exclamation (!) followed by the path of the program that 
# can execute this specific script. For a perl script, with perl.exe in 
# the C:\Program Files\Perl directory, the shebang line should be: 
# 默认的,Apache 将整个行解释为 CGI 脚本。 
# 注释行、脚本第一行、带#!的程序路径,都能执行这个指定的脚本。比如一个 perl 脚本, 
# 在 C:\Program Files\Perl 中有 perl.exe 解释程序,整个行写为: 
#!c:/program files/perl/perl 
 
# Note you _must_not_ indent the actual shebang line, and it must be the 
# first line of the file. Of course, CGI processing must be enabled by 
# the appropriate ScriptAlias or Options ExecCGI directives for the files 
# or directory in question. 
# However, Apache on Windows allows either the Unix behavior above, or can 
# use the Registry to match files by extention. The command to execute 
# a file of this type is retrieved from the registry by the same method as 
# the Windows Explorer would use to handle double-clicking on a file. 
# These script actions can be configured from the Windows Explorer View menu, 
# 'Folder Options', and reviewing the 'File Types' tab. Clicking the Edit 
# button allows you to modify the Actions, of which Apache 1.3 attempts to 
# perform the 'Open' Action, and failing that it will try the shebang line. 
# This behavior is subject to change in Apache release 2.0. 
# Each mechanism has it's own specific security weaknesses, from the means 
# to run a program you didn't intend the website owner to invoke, and the 
# best method is a matter of great debate. 
# To enable the this Windows specific behavior (and therefore -disable- the 
# equivilant Unix behavior), uncomment the following directive: 
#ScriptInterpreterSource registry 
# The directive above can be placed in individual <Directory> blocks or the 
# .htaccess file, with either the 'registry' (Windows behavior) or 'script' 
# (Unix behavior) option, and will override this server default option. 
 
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document 
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions. 
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is 
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications 
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to 
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are 
# text. 
DefaultType text/plain 
 
<IfModule mime_module> 
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from 
# filename extension to MIME-type. 
TypesConfig conf/mime.types 
 
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration 
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types. 
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz 
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress 
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this. 
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z 
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz 
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you 
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types: 
AddType application/x-compress .Z 
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz 
 
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers": 
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server 
# or added with the Action directive (see below) 
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories: 
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.) 
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi 
 
# For type maps (negotiated resources): 
#AddHandler type-map var 
 
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client. 
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI): 
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.) 
#AddType text/html .shtml 
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml 
 
#添加 .PHP 文件扩展 
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php 
</IfModule> 
 
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the 
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile 
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located. 
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic 
 
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors: 
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects 
# Some examples: 
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo." 
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html 
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl" 
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.kysf.net/subscription_info.html 
 
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver 
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must 
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise 
# broken on your system. 
#EnableMMAP off 
#EnableSendfile off 
 
# Supplemental configuration 
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary. 
 
# Server-pool management (MPM specific) 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf 
 
# Multi-language error messages 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf 
 
# Fancy directory listings 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf 
 
# Language settings 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf 
 
# User home directories 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf 
 
# Real-time info on requests and configuration 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf 
 
# Virtual hosts 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf 
 
# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf 
 
# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV) 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf 
 
# Various default settings 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf 
 
# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections 
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf 
# Note: The following must must be present to support 
# starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent 
# but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl. 
<IfModule ssl_module> 
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin 
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin 
</IfModule> 
 




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